Postsecondary Instructional Practices Survey (PIPS)

Developed by Emily M. Walter, Charles R. Henderson, Andrea L. Beach, Cody T. Williams and Deborah Allen

Purpose To measure self-reported, observably verifiable instructional practices used in undergraduate STEM courses.
Format Multiple-choice, Agree/disagree
Duration 10 min
Focus Teaching (class-based teaching practices, learning assessment approaches)
Level Upper-level, Intermediate, Intro college

Sample questions from the PIPS:

E. Walter, C. Henderson, A. Beach, and C. Williams, Introducing the Postsecondary Instructional Practices Survey (PIPS): A Concise, Interdisciplinary, and Easy-to-Score Survey, CBE Life. Sci. Educ. 15 (4), ar53 (2016).
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Silver Validation
This is the second highest level of research validation, corresponding to at least 5 of the validation categories below.

Research Validation Summary

Based on Research Into:

  • Student thinking

Studied Using:

  • Student interviews
  • Expert review
  • Appropriate statistical analysis

Research Conducted:

  • At multiple institutions
  • By multiple research groups
  • Peer-reviewed publication

The PIPS was extensively research validated through review of the literature, drawing from existing instruments, pilot testing at two institutions, and review by an expert panel. The final instrument was administered at 6 different institutions with the items being validated through exploratory factor analysis, reliability measures, and iteration of the instrument based on the results.


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Download the PIPS scoring tool.

Typical Results

Mean department PIPS scores for 72 departments at the four sampled institutions, including standard error bars for each department, from Walter et al. 2017:

The latest version of the PIPS, released in 2017, is Version 1.