Developed by Emily M. Walter, Charles R. Henderson, Andrea L. Beach, Cody T. Williams and Deborah Allen
|Purpose||To measure self-reported, observably verifiable instructional practices used in undergraduate STEM courses.|
|Focus||Teaching (class-based teaching practices, learning assessment approaches)|
|Level||Upper-level, Intermediate, Intro college|
Sample questions from the PIPS:
This is the second highest level of research validation, corresponding to at least 5 of the validation categories below.
Research Validation Summary
Based on Research Into:
- Student thinking
- Student interviews
- Expert review
- Appropriate statistical analysis
- At multiple institutions
- By multiple research groups
- Peer-reviewed publication
The PIPS was extensively research validated through review of the literature, drawing from existing instruments, pilot testing at two institutions, and review by an expert panel. The final instrument was administered at 6 different institutions with the items being validated through exploratory factor analysis, reliability measures, and iteration of the instrument based on the results.
- E. Walter, A. Beach, C. Henderson, and C. Williams, Describing Instructional Practice and Climate: Two New Instruments, presented at the Transforming Institutions, Indianapolis, IN, 2014.
- E. Walter, C. Henderson, A. Beach, and C. Williams, Introducing the Postsecondary Instructional Practices Survey (PIPS): A Concise, Interdisciplinary, and Easy-to-Score Survey, CBE Life. Sci. Educ. 15 (4), ar53 (2016).
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The latest version of the PIPS, released in 2017, is Version 1.