##
55
Research-Based
Methods

Students work in groups using structured problem-solving strategy to solve complex, context-rich problems too difficult to solve individually.

**Subject**
+6
Students work in small groups on short, realistic scenarios, giving them a plausible motivation to solve problems.

**Subject**
+2
Guided-inquiry worksheets for use in small groups, typically in a recitation section. Instructors engage students in Socratic dialogue.

**Subject**
+5
Short activities that help students apply concepts and address known difficulties; designed so that they cannot be solved using plug and chug.

**Setting**
+3
Laboratory activities that use microcomputer-based laboratory tools to develop both conceptual understanding and quantitative laboratory skills.

**Level**
An integrated learning environment where the space is designed to facilitate interactions between small groups working on short, interesting tasks.

**Subject**
+6
Instruction organized around active student construction of conceptual and mathematical models in an interactive learning community.

**Subject**
+5
Guided-inquiry, introductory mechanics labs designed to promote students' mental construction of concepts.

A guided-inquiry conceptual physics course designed to help students develop a deep conceptual understanding of big ideas in physics.

**Level**
A guided-inquiry conceptual physical science course designed to help students develop a deep conceptual understanding of big ideas.

A guided-inquiry, conceptual physical science course intended for teaching in a lecture-style environment, e.g. classes with large enrollment.

**Level**
Engage students in lecture classes by asking cognitively engaging multiple-choice questions to challenge their thinking and foster deep discussion.

Socratic-dialogue driven, highly-structured collaborative learning activities for use in introductory Astronomy lecture courses.

**Level**
**Setting**
+2
Conceptual exercises in which students make comparative judgments to identify the order of various situations based on a physical outcome or result.

**Level**
**Setting**
+3
A physics/physical science curriculum that builds on intrinsic mathematical reasoning to develop and strengthen mathematics and physics concepts.

**Setting**
+2
Resources for teaching introductory quantum mechanics and modern physics with an emphasis on concepts and applications.

**Setting**
+3
Curriculum for large-lecture modern physics class for engineering majors. Focus on reasoning development, model building, and real-world applications.

**Setting**
+4
A modern calculus-based introductory curriculum with an emphasis on the application of fundamental principles and on the atomic nature of matter.

**Subject**
+3
**Level**
A collection of multiple-choice and short answer questions for discussion and reflection in an upper-level undergraduate quantum mechanics course.

**Setting**
+2
Guided-inquiry worksheets for upper-level quantum mechanics. Connect quantitative formalism to qualitative understanding and build physical intuition.

**Setting**
+3
A sequence of introductory, activity-based, laboratory courses that integrate the use of guided-inquiry techniques with self-directed projects.

**Level**
Design labs in which students work in groups to design an experiment, carry it out, analyze it, and present their results to other groups.

Supplementary activities for upper-level E&M. All materials are modular and can be mixed and matched with any other teaching strategy or materials.

**Setting**
+2
Supplementary activities for upper-level QM I. All materials are modular and can be mixed and matched with any other teaching strategy or materials.

**Setting**
+2
Tutorials for a course introducing non-science majors to basic ideas of quantum mechanics, including spectroscopy, simple molecules, and tunneling.

**Level**
**Setting**
+2
Guided-inquiry worksheet activities to help students develop a better understanding of upper-division thermodynamics and statistical mechanics.

**Level**
Small-group learning materials for teaching intermediate mechanics. A mix of conceptual, mathematical, and problem-solving activities.

**Setting**
+2
A professional development program for K-12 teachers on the learning of energy. Teachers construct an understanding about energy and about learning.

**Level**
A curriculum for pre-service teachers. Students craft and investigate their own scientific questions about a range of scientific topics.

**Subject**
+4
**Level**