Teaching Methods and Materials

Tell us about your course to find methods relevant to you.


Student Skills Developed Any
Instructor Effort Required Any
Research Validation
Resources Needed
Exclude methods requiring the following:

55 Research-Based Methods

Detailed ViewCompact View
Silver Validated

Small group discussion of conceptual questions interspersed with lectures, increasing engagement and providing formative feedback on student thinking.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +7
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based  Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +2
Silver Validated

Open-ended game-like simulations that include expert visual models, enabling scientist-like exploration and real-world connections.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +6
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based  Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +4
Bronze Validated

Students use electronic devices to answer questions and instructors collect and display responses, facilitating student engagement and collaboration.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +7
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based  Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +3
Research-Based

Exercises in which students rank variations of a physical situation on the basis of a specified physical quantity and explain their reasoning.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +3
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based  Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +3
Bronze Validated

Worksheets for use in lecture. Students predict results of demos, discuss in small groups, observe results, compare with predictions and explain.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +2
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students)  Studio
Bronze Validated

Students work in groups using structured problem-solving strategy to solve complex, context-rich problems too difficult to solve individually.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +6
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based  Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Small (<30 students)  Recitation/Discussion Session  Studio
Research-Based

Small, flexible, educational physics applets that use simple graphics to convey only salient features of physical phenomena; modifiable and adaptable.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +3
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based  Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +3
Bronze Validated

Students answer questions online before class, promoting preparation for class and encouraging them to come to class with a "need to know."

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +7
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based  Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +2
Bronze Validated

Students work in small groups on short, realistic scenarios, giving them a plausible motivation to solve problems.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +2
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based  Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Small (<30 students)  Recitation/Discussion Session  Studio
Research-Based

Open source code libraries, tools, and compiled simulations. Collection includes curriculum resources for physics, computation, and computer modeling.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +5
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +3
Bronze Validated

Guided-inquiry worksheets for use in small groups, typically in a recitation section. Instructors engage students in Socratic dialogue.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +5
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based  Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Small (<30 students)  Recitation/Discussion Session  Studio
Gold Star Validated

Guided-inquiry worksheets for small groups in recitation section of intro calculus-based physics. Instructors engage groups in Socratic dialogue.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +3
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +3
Bronze Validated

A series of introductory laboratory modules that use computer data acquisition tools to help students develop physics concepts and acquire lab skills.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +2
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based
Setting
Lab  Homework  Studio
Bronze Validated

Lab activities to collect and present data graphically in real time, giving an intuitive sense of physics concepts that can't be observed directly.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +2
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +3
Bronze Validated

A calculus-based introductory physics curriculum designed to completely replace traditional lectures and laboratories with sequenced activities.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +3
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based
Setting
Lecture - Small (<30 students)  Lab  Studio
Research-Based

Short activities that help students apply concepts and address known difficulties; designed so that they cannot be solved using plug and chug.

Subject
Electricity / Magnetism
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based  Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +3
Bronze Validated

Guided-inquiry worksheets for small groups in recitation section of intro calculus-based physics. Instructors engage groups in Socratic dialogue.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +2
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based
Setting
Lecture - Small (<30 students)  Recitation/Discussion Session  Studio
Bronze Validated

Laboratory activities that use microcomputer-based laboratory tools to develop both conceptual understanding and quantitative laboratory skills.

Subject
Mechanics  Thermal / Statistical
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based
Setting
Lab  Studio
Silver Validated

Tools to elicit students' initial ideas, lessons to engage those ideas, assessment items, and reporting structures for students and teachers.

Subject
Mechanics  Waves / Optics +2
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based  Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +4
Silver Validated

An integrated learning environment where the space is designed to facilitate interactions between small groups working on short, interesting tasks.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +6
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based  Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Studio
Silver Validated

Instruction organized around active student construction of conceptual and mathematical models in an interactive learning community.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +5
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based  Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Small (<30 students)  Recitation/Discussion Session  Studio
Bronze Validated

Guided-inquiry, introductory mechanics labs designed to promote students' mental construction of concepts.

Subject
Mechanics
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based  Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Small (<30 students)  Lab  Studio
Silver Validated

Guided-inquiry worksheets for small groups in recitation section of intro algebra-based physics. Instructors engage groups in Socratic dialogue.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +2
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based  Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +4
Bronze Validated

Lab-based guided-inquiry curriculum for future and current teachers to develop deep understanding of physics content and scientific reasoning skills.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +3
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Small (<30 students)  Recitation/Discussion Session +2
Bronze Validated

A guided-inquiry conceptual physics course designed to help students develop a deep conceptual understanding of big ideas in physics.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism  Waves / Optics
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Small (<30 students)  Lab  Studio
Research-Based

A guided-inquiry conceptual physical science course designed to help students develop a deep conceptual understanding of big ideas.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism  Thermal / Statistical
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
Setting
Lecture - Small (<30 students)  Lab  Studio
Research-Based

A guided-inquiry, conceptual physical science course intended for teaching in a lecture-style environment, e.g. classes with large enrollment.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism  Thermal / Statistical
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students)
Bronze Validated

Engage students in lecture classes by asking cognitively engaging multiple-choice questions to challenge their thinking and foster deep discussion.

Subject
Astronomy
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based  Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students)  Studio
Bronze Validated

Socratic-dialogue driven, highly-structured collaborative learning activities for use in introductory Astronomy lecture courses.

Subject
Astronomy
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +2
Bronze Validated

Conceptual exercises in which students make comparative judgments to identify the order of various situations based on a physical outcome or result.

Subject
Astronomy
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +3
Silver Validated

Comprehensive learning system for introductory physics that engages students in experiences that mirror experiences of practicing scientists.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +2
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based  Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +3
Bronze Validated

A program to recruit science majors to become K-12 teachers and to improve undergraduate education by implementing large-scale teaching reform.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +7
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based  Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +3
Research-Based

Questions for homework, clickers, and exams that help students connect mathematical and conceptual reasoning and relate physics to the real world.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +3
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based  Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +4
Bronze Validated

Sequences of multiple-choice questions that emphasize qualitative reasoning and multiple representations. For interactive discussion in lecture.

Subject
Electricity / Magnetism  Waves / Optics  Modern / Quantum
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +2
Bronze Validated

Activity-based curriculum for high school physics. Helps students to explore, hone, and link concepts, and to develop analysis and reasoning skills.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +2
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based  Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +2
Bronze Validated

A physics/physical science curriculum that builds on intrinsic mathematical reasoning to develop and strengthen mathematics and physics concepts.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based  Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Small (<30 students)  Recitation/Discussion Session +2
Research-Based

Resources for teaching introductory quantum mechanics and modern physics with an emphasis on concepts and applications.

Subject
Modern / Quantum
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based  Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +3
Research-Based

A pedagogy using clickers for interactive, student-centered science instruction that engages students in extended whole-class discussion.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +6
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based  Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +3
Silver Validated

Curriculum for large-lecture modern physics class for engineering majors. Focus on reasoning development, model building, and real-world applications.

Subject
Modern / Quantum
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based  Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +4
Bronze Validated

A modern calculus-based introductory curriculum with an emphasis on the application of fundamental principles and on the atomic nature of matter.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +3
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students)  Studio
Bronze Validated

A suite of computer simulations for teaching physics and physical science through exploring phenomena and conducting simulated experiments.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +2
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based  Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +4
Bronze Validated

Activities for upper-level physics that can be incorporated into a standard course or used as part of a restructuring of the undergraduate curriculum.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +4
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +4
Bronze Validated

A collection of multiple-choice and short answer questions for discussion and reflection in an upper-level undergraduate quantum mechanics course.

Subject
Modern / Quantum
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +2
Bronze Validated

Guided-inquiry worksheets for upper-level quantum mechanics. Connect quantitative formalism to qualitative understanding and build physical intuition.

Subject
Modern / Quantum
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +3
Bronze Validated

A sequence of introductory, activity-based, laboratory courses that integrate the use of guided-inquiry techniques with self-directed projects.

Subject
Mechanics  Waves / Optics  Thermal / Statistical
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Studio
Bronze Validated

A practice of attending and responding to the substance of students' thinking. The instructor's next moves are based on students' emerging ideas.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +7
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based  Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Small (<30 students)  Recitation/Discussion Session +2
Bronze Validated

Design labs in which students work in groups to design an experiment, carry it out, analyze it, and present their results to other groups.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism  Waves / Optics
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based  Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lab
Bronze Validated

Supplementary activities for upper-level E&M. All materials are modular and can be mixed and matched with any other teaching strategy or materials.

Subject
Electricity / Magnetism
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +2
Research-Based

Supplementary activities for upper-level QM I. All materials are modular and can be mixed and matched with any other teaching strategy or materials.

Subject
Modern / Quantum
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +2
Bronze Validated

Tutorials for a course introducing non-science majors to basic ideas of quantum mechanics, including spectroscopy, simple molecules, and tunneling.

Subject
Modern / Quantum
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +2
Bronze Validated

Guided-inquiry worksheet activities to help students develop a better understanding of upper-division thermodynamics and statistical mechanics.

Subject
Thermal / Statistical
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
Intro College Calculus-based  Intro College Algebra-based
Setting
Lecture - Small (<30 students)  Recitation/Discussion Session
Bronze Validated

Small-group learning materials for teaching intermediate mechanics. A mix of conceptual, mathematical, and problem-solving activities.

Subject
Mechanics
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
Setting
Lecture - Small (<30 students)  Recitation/Discussion Session +2
Bronze Validated

A high school physics curriculum and professional development program that uses a learning cycle pedagogy, inexpensive materials, and technology.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +3
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Algebra-based  Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Large (30+ students)  Lecture - Small (<30 students) +3
Research-Based

A professional development program for K-12 teachers on the learning of energy. Teachers construct an understanding about energy and about learning.

Subject
Mechanics  Thermal / Statistical
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Small (<30 students)
Bronze Validated

A curriculum for pre-service teachers. Students craft and investigate their own scientific questions about a range of scientific topics.

Subject
Mechanics  Electricity / Magnetism +4
Level
 
MSHSICIMULGS   O
 Intro College Conceptual
Setting
Lecture - Small (<30 students)  Lab  Studio