Thermodynamics Concept Inventory (TCI)

Developed by Clark Midkiff

Purpose To test the change in students’ conceptual understanding of thermodynamics from the beginning to the end of an introductory thermodynamics engineering course.
Format Pre/post, Multiple-choice
Focus Thermal / Statistical Content knowledge
Level Intro college

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Sample question from the TCI:

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Research-based Validation
This is the lowest level of research validation, corresponding to at least one of the validation categories below.

Research Validation Summary

Based on Research Into:

  • Student thinking

Studied Using:

  • Student interviews
  • Expert review
  • Appropriate statistical analysis

Research Conducted:

  • At multiple institutions
  • By multiple research groups
  • Peer-reviewed publication

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