Developed by Ron Thornton and David Sokoloff
|Purpose||To assess students’ understanding of heat and temperature concepts.|
|Format||Pre/post, Multiple-choice, Short answer|
|Focus||Thermal / Statistical Content knowledge (temperature, phase change, heat transfer, thermal properties of materials)|
Sample questions from the HCTE:
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This is the third highest level of research validation, corresponding to at least 3 of the validation categories below.
Research Validation Summary
Based on Research Into:
- Student thinking
- Student interviews
- Expert review
- Appropriate statistical analysis
- At multiple institutions
- By multiple research groups
- Peer-reviewed publication
The multiple-choice questions on the HTCE are based on research into student thinking. The HTCE has been tested with over 1000 students at four universities.
- D. A. Nugraha, et al., Students’ profile of heat and temperature using HTCE in undergraduate physics, IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. Series, 909 (2017).
- C. Tanahoung, R. Chitaree, C. Soankwan, M. Sharma, and I. Johnston, Surveying Thai and Sydney introductory physics students’ understandings of heat and temperature , presented at the The Australian Conference on Science and Mathematics Education, Sydney, Australia, 2006.
- C. Tanahoung, M. Sharma, I. Johnston, R. Chitaree, and C. Soankwan, Surveying Sydney Introductory Physics Students' Understandings of Heat and Temperature, presented at the Australian Institute of Physics National Congress, Brisbane, 2006.
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Typical Results from Tanahoung et. al, 2006. Question 24 was omitted from the analysis because it was not multiple-choice.
The latest version of the HCTE, released in 2001, is version 1.