Force, Velocity, and Acceleration Test (FVA)

Developed by Rebecca Rosenblatt and Andrew Heckler

Purpose To assess students’ understanding of the relationships between the directions of force, velocity, and acceleration in one dimension.
Format Pre/post, Multiple-choice, Multiple-response
Duration 20 min
Focus Mechanics Content knowledge (forces, velocity, acceleration)
Level Intro college
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Sample questions from the FVA:

FVA Implementation and Troubleshooting Guide

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Bronze Validation
This is the third highest level of research validation, corresponding to at least 3 of the validation categories below.

Research Validation Summary

Based on Research Into:

  • Student thinking

Studied Using:

  • Student interviews
  • Expert review
  • Appropriate statistical analysis

Research Conducted:

  • At multiple institutions
  • By multiple research groups
  • Peer-reviewed publication

The multiple-choice questions on the FVA test were developed using open-ended responses and revised iteratively using student interviews. There were two major iterations of test development. Appropriate statistical analyses of reliability were conducted and the FVA test was found to have a reasonably high reliability. The FVA test was given to over 1100 students at the developers’ institution who were enrolled in calculus-based physics courses for standard and honors students. As the course-level increased, so did the scores on the FVA test. There is a relatively strong correlation of FVA test score with FCI score and a moderate correlation with final grade. Student responses to FVA test questions are relatively insensitive to changes in the story context of the questions. The FVA test has primarily been used at the developers’ institution in calculus-based courses. There are three peer-reviewed publications presenting FVA test data.


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Typical Results

Typical results from Rosenblatt and Heckler 2011:

The latest version of the FVA, released in 2009, is version 3.2.3a.