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Research Validation

The level of research validation for an assessment is determined by how many of the following categories of research have been done on the instrument:

Categories of research validation:

Based on Research Into:

  • Student thinking (for observation protocols: Classroom behavior)
Studied Using:
  • Student interviews (for observation protocols: Iterative observations)
  • Expert review (for observation protocols: Inter-rater reliability)
  • Appropriate statistical analysis (for observation protocols: Training materials)
Research Conducted:
  • At multiple institutions
  • By multiple research groups
  • Peer-reviewed publication

Research Validation Levels:

  • Gold Star: all 7 categories
  • Silver: 5 or more categories
  • Bronze: 3 or more categories
  • Research-Based: at least 1 category

Translations

106 Research-Based Assessments

Detailed ViewCompact View

Content knowledge

Implementation Guide available Gold Star Validated

Force Concept Inventory (FCI)

Translations: ar,cs,de,el,en,es,fi,fr,hr,it,ja,nl,pt,ru,sv,zh,fa,fil,hu,id,ms,no,pl,sk,tr,th,is,he,hi,ca,Arabic,Czech,German,Greek,English,Spanish,Finnish,French,Croatian,Italian,Japanese,Dutch,Portuguese,Russian,Swedish,Chinese,Persian,Filipino,Hungarian,Indonesian,Malay,Norwegian,Polish,Slovak,Turkish,Thai,Icelandic,Hebrew,Hindi,Catalan; Translators: Hisham A. Alhadlaq,J. Burešová, D. Mandíková, Odborná revize překladu: L. Dvořák, V. Žák, E. Hejnová, J. Králík,Christian Kautz based on a translation of the first version by H. Schecker and J. Gerdes,Constantine Naoum,,Enrique Macia-Barber, Maria Victoria Hernandez, and Jose Menendez,Ismo Koponen and Johanna Jauhiainen,Nathaniel Lasry (Canada); Bernard Blandin, Research Director, CESI (France),Maja Planinic, Lana Ivanjek, and Ana Susac,Leonardo Colletti,Ishimoto, Uematsu, Tsukamoto, Nitta and Lang,Eddy Carette,Inês Leitão and Luis Breda (Portugal); Debora Cantergi (Brazil),Igor Proleiko, modified by Jozef Hanc,Jonte Bernhard ( to access, contact jonbe@itn.liu.se ),Guo Chenyue (China - simplified); Hsing-Kuo (Taiwan - traditional),Masoumeh Ghasemi,Danilo A. Tadeo Jr,Gergely Nádori,Syuhendri,Jaafar Jantan, Ph.D.,Dr. Carl Angell & colleagues at English School Laboratory at University of Oslo,Andrzej (Andrew) Lewicki, Ph.D.,Josef Hanč, J. Tóth,Öğretme, Çiçek, Duran, Günneç, Köksal, Türkay,Pornrat Wattanakasiwich,Ragnheiður Guðmundsdóttir,Kobi Shvarzbord,Himanshu K. Pandey and Vijay A. Singh,Carme Parellada and Joan Garin

Implementation Guide available Gold Star Validated

Force and Motion Conceptual Evaluation (FMCE)

Translations: en,es,ja,English,Spanish,Japanese; Translators: ,Olivier Espinosa and Hugo Alarcon,Michi Ishimoto

Implementation Guide available Gold Star Validated

Test of Understanding Graphs in Kinematics (TUG-K)

Translations: en,de,es,fr,pt,fi,ar,he,sv,el,zh,English,German,Spanish,French,Portuguese,Finnish,Arabic,Hebrew,Swedish,Greek,Chinese; Translators: ,Holger Durst,Genaro Zavala and Juan Velarde,Robert Lacroix, Séminaire Salésien, Sherbrooke, (Qc), Canada,Mariana de Almeida Jotta Barros, Vitor Luiz Bastos de Jesus, and Daniel Gulherme Gomes Sasaki,Antti Savinainen and Kauko Kauhanen, Kuopion Lyseon lukio,Taha Massalha,Taha Massalha,Simon Moberg,Konstantinos Tsigaridis,Zhao Jialong and Lai Xueheng

Implementation Guide available Gold Star Validated

Energy Concept Assessment (ECA)

Translations: en,hr,English,Croatian; Translators: ,Josipa Stipanov

Implementation Guide available Gold Star Validated

Energy and Momentum Conceptual Survey (EMCS)

Translations: en,fi,sv,English,Finnish,Swedish; Translators: ,Antti Savinainen and Kauko Kauhanen ,Adi Bijedic

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Colorado Classical Mechanics/Math Methods Instrument (CCMI)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Rotational Kinematics Inventory (RKI)

Translations: en,fr,English,French; Translators: ,Daniel Alawieh & Taan Mustafa

Silver Validated

Flight Physics Concept Inventory (FliP-CoIn)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Half-length Force Concept Inventory (HFCI)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Inventory of Basic Conceptions - Mechanics (IBCM)

Translations: en,fr,English,French; Translators: ,Ibrahim Halloun

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Next Gen Physical Science Diagnostic (NGPSD)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Rotational and Rolling Motion Conceptual Survey (RRMCS)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Bronze Validated

Mechanics Baseline Test (MBT)

Translations: en,es,ja,pt,tr,de,fa,fi,fr,it,ms,el,English,Spanish,Japanese,Portuguese,Turkish,German,Persian,Finnish,French,Italian,Malay,Greek; Translators: ,Julio C. Benegas,Yamato Hasegawa and Jun-ichiro Yasduda,Inês Leitão and Luis Breda (Portugal),Salih Ates,Joern Gerdes,Masoumeh Ghasemi,Ismo Koponen and Johanna Jauhiainen,Bernard Blandin, Research Director, CESI (France),Leonardo Colletti, Liceo Carducci,Jaafar Jantan, Ph.D.,Konstantinos Tsigaridis

Implementation Guide available Bronze Validated

Representational Variant of the Force Concept Inventory (R-FCI)

Translations: en,fi,English,Finnish; Translators: ,

Implementation Guide available Bronze Validated

Force, Velocity, and Acceleration Test (FVA)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Bronze Validated

Density Survey (DS)

Translations: en,de,English,German; Translators: ,Philipp Bitzenbauer

Implementation Guide available Gold Star Validated

Brief Electricity and Magnetism Assessment (BEMA)

Translations: en,es,pt,sv,zh,ja,English,Spanish,Portuguese,Swedish,Chinese,Japanese; Translators: ,Genaro Zavala, Julio Benegas, Olivier Espinosa, and Hugo Alarcon,Ronai Lisboa and José Brás Barreto de Oliveira,David Nordman,Mi Su,Sachiko Tosa

Implementation Guide available Gold Star Validated

Determining and Interpreting Resistive Electric Circuit Concepts Test (DIRECT)

Translations: en,el,es,fi,sv,English,Greek,Spanish,Finnish,Swedish; Translators: ,Achilleas Kapartzianis,Luis Pérez, José N. Caraballo, Wilfredo Otaño y Raúl Portuondo ,Antti-Ville Hurskainen and Pekka E. Hirvonen,Kajsa Fransson

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Conceptual Survey of Electricity and Magnetism (CSEM)

Translations: en,es,ms,sv,English,Spanish,Malay,Swedish; Translators: ,Genaro Zavala, Pablo Barniol, and Esmeralda Campos,Mohd Ariff Ab Ghani & Shahrul kadri Ayop,David Nordman

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Magnetism Conceptual Survey (MCS)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Rate and Potential Test (RAPT)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Inventory of Basic Conceptions - DC Circuits (IBCDC)

Translations: en,fr,English,French; Translators: ,Ibrahim Halloun

Implementation Guide available Bronze Validated

Colorado UppeR-division ElectrodyNamics Test (CURrENT)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Bronze Validated

Symmetry and Gauss's Law Conceptual Evaluation (SGCE)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Bronze Validated

Electric Circuits Conceptual Evaluation (ECCE)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Bronze Validated

Electricity and Magnetism Conceptual Assessment (EMCA)

Translations: en,id,English,Indonesian; Translators: ,Riska Meikana Br Ginting, Syuhendri, and Nely Andriani

Research-Based

Electromagnetics Concept Inventory (EMCI)

Translations: ; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Mechanical Wave Conceptual Survey (MWCS)

Translations: en,th,es,English,Thai,Spanish; Translators: ,Apisit Tongchai, Kwan Arayathanitkul, and Chernchok Soankwan,Pablo Barniol, Genaro Zavala, Enrique Arribas, and Tere Franco

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Wave Diagnostic Test (WDT)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Four-tier Geometrical Optics Test (FTGOT)

Translations: en,tr,English,Turkish; Translators: ,

Silver Validated

Mechanical Waves Conceptual Survey 2 (MWCS2)

Translations: en,es,English,Spanish; Translators: ,

Silver Validated

Light Phenomena Conceptual Assessment (LPCA)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Bronze Validated

Wave Concept Inventory (WCI)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Survey of Thermodynamic Processes and First and Second Laws (short) (STPFaSL-short)

Translations: en,id,pt,zh,English,Indonesian,Portuguese,Chinese; Translators: ,Dwi Rahmawati and Syuhendri,Samuel Amaral,Wei Fang

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Thermal Concept Evaluation (TCE)

Translations: en,pt,ja,zh,English,Portuguese,Japanese,Chinese; Translators: ,Marcel Braga,Hitoshi Katsuda and Shuji Ukon,Wei Fang

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Thermodynamic Concept Survey (TCS)

Translations: en,th,zh,English,Thai,Chinese; Translators: ,,Wei Fang

Implementation Guide available Bronze Validated

Heat and Temperature Conceptual Evaluation (HTCE)

Translations: en,zh,English,Chinese; Translators: ,Wei Fang

Research-Based

Thermodynamics Concept Inventory (TCI)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Quantum Mechanics Concept Assessment (QMCA)

Translations: en,pt,English,Portuguese; Translators: ,Ricardo Kagimura

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Quantum Mechanics Conceptual Survey (QMCS)

Translations: en,fi,ja,English,Finnish,Japanese; Translators: ,Risto Leinonen,Atsushi Hatakeyama, Hiroto Ohta, Hiroyoshi Lang

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Quantum Mechanics Formalism and Postulates Survey (QMFPS)

Translations: en,es,English,Spanish; Translators: ,Karen Milena Fonseca Romero

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Quantum Mechanics Survey (QMS)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Quantum Physics Conceptual Survey (QPCS)

Translations: en,th,English,Thai; Translators: ,

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Quantum Mechanics Visualization Instrument (QMVI)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Relativity Concept Inventory (RCI)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Bronze Validated

Quantum Mechanics Assessment Tool (QMAT)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Research-Based

Quantum Mechanics Concept Inventory (QMCI)

Translations: en,sv,English,Swedish; Translators: Johan Falk,Johan Falk

Implementation Guide available Gold Star Validated

Calculus Concept Inventory (CCI)

Translations: en,cs,English,Czech; Translators: ,Karel Kolář

Implementation Guide available Gold Star Validated

Precalculus Concept Assessment (PCA)

Translations: ; Translators:

Gold Star Validated

Calculus Concept Readiness (CCR)

Translations: ; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Test of Understanding of Vectors (TUV)

Translations: es,en,ar,Spanish,English,Arabic; Translators: Pablo Barniol and Genaro Zavala ,Pablo Barniol and Genaro Zavala ,Hisham Bani-Salameh

Bronze Validated

Mathematical Modeling Conceptual Evaluation (MMCE)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Bronze Validated

Quadratic and Linear Conceptual Evaluation (QLCE)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Bronze Validated

Vector Evaluation Test (VET)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Research-Based

Basic Skills Diagnostic Test (BSDT)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Gold Star Validated

Light and Spectroscopy Concept Inventory (LSCI)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Gold Star Validated

Astronomy Diagnostic Test 2.0 (ADT2)

Translations: en,es,sv,English,Spanish,Swedish; Translators: ,,Frida Torrång

Implementation Guide available Gold Star Validated

Star Properties Concept Inventory (SPCI)

Translations: en,ja,es,English,Japanese,Spanish; Translators: ,Michi Ishimoto,Agustín Vallejo

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Test of Astronomy Standards (TOAST)

Translations: en,ja,English,Japanese; Translators: ,Michi Ishimoto

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Newtonian Gravity Concept Inventory (NGCI)

Translations: en,ar,English,Arabic; Translators: ,Hisham Bani-Salameh

Silver Validated

Greenhouse Effect Concept Inventory (GECI)

Translations: en,ja,English,Japanese; Translators: ,Michi Ishimoto

Implementation Guide available Bronze Validated

Lunar Phases Concept Inventory (LPCI)

Translations: en,es,English,Spanish; Translators: ,Agustín Vallejo

Implementation Guide available Research-Based

Astronomical Misconceptions Survey (AMS)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Problem-solving

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Minnesota Assessment of Problem Solving (MAPS)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Bronze Validated

Assessment of Textbook Problem Solving Ability (ATPSA)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Bronze Validated

Colorado Assessment of Problem Solving (CAPS)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Scientific reasoning

Implementation Guide available Gold Star Validated

Lawson Classroom Test of Scientific Reasoning (CTSR)

Translations: en,ar,es,sr,sv,English,Arabic,Spanish,Serbian,Swedish; Translators: ,Al-Zaghal ,Genaro Zavala and PERIG (Physics Education Research and Innovation Group),Branka Radulović,Joel Andreas Ozolins

Implementation Guide available Gold Star Validated

Physics Inventory of Quantitative Literacy (PIQL)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Montana State University Formal Reasoning Test (FORT)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Scientific Abilities Assessment Rubrics (SAAR)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Lab skills

Implementation Guide available Gold Star Validated

Concise Data Processing Assessment (CDPA)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Physics Lab Inventory of Critical Thinking (PLIC)

Translations: zh,en,fi,es,Chinese,English,Finnish,Spanish; Translators: Jin Wang and Suyu Wang,,Pekka Pirinen and Antti Lehtinen,Javier Carro

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Physics Measurement Questionnaire (PMQ)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Silver Validated

Data Handling Diagnostic (DHD)

Translations: ; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Bronze Validated

Measurement Uncertainty Quiz (MUQ)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Beliefs / Attitudes

Implementation Guide available Gold Star Validated

Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey (CLASS)

Translations: en,es,fi,ja,zh,ar,tr,de,pt,sv,fr,English,Spanish,Finnish,Japanese,Chinese,Arabic,Turkish,German,Portuguese,Swedish,French; Translators: ,Genaro Zavala, Hugo Alarcon, and Angeles Domínguez,Mervi Asikainen,Michi Ishimoto and Hideo Nitta,Lin Ding and Ping Zhang,H. Alhadlaq, F. Alshaya, and S. Alabdulkareem,Derya Kaltakci,Christian Kautz, Hanno Holzhüter, and Felix Lehmann (This version is designed for an intro engineering class. Questions that don't make sense in a German engineering context have been removed.),Eduardo Gama and Marta F. Barroso, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro,Johan Henriksson,Vincent Sicotte

Implementation Guide available Gold Star Validated

Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey for Experimental Physics (E-CLASS)

Translations: en,am,sv,it,English,Amharic,Swedish,Italian; Translators: ,Yohanes Wolde-Senbet,Johan Henriksson,Barbara Arfè, Enrico Toffalini, Alessandro Sfondrini, Giovanni Organtini, Eugenio Tufino

Implementation Guide available Gold Star Validated

Maryland Physics Expectations Survey (MPEX)

Translations: en,es,English,Spanish; Translators: ,José Luis Santana Fajardo

Implementation Guide available Gold Star Validated

Attitudes and Approaches to Problem Solving Survey (AAPS)

Translations: en,tr,fr,pt,id,English,Turkish,French,Portuguese,Indonesian; Translators: ,Nuri Balta and Muharrem Duran,Olivier Alibart and Frédéric Blanc,Raúl Montagne,Tria Wury Anjani

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Views About Science Survey (VASS)

Translations: en,ja,English,Japanese; Translators: ,Sachiko Tosa

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Physics Goal Orientation Survey (PGOS)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Views on Science and Education Questionnaire (VOSE)

Translations: en,zh,English,Chinese; Translators: ,Sufen Chen

Silver Validated

Motivation Scale towards Physics Learning (MSPL)

Translations: en,tr,English,Turkish; Translators: ,

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Perceptions of Teaching as a Profession (PTaP)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Silver Validated

Views of Nature of Science Questionnaire (VNOS)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Bronze Validated

Attitudes toward Problem Solving Survey (APSS)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Bronze Validated

Physics Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (PSEQ)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Bronze Validated

Self-Efficacy in Physics (SEP)

Translations: en,zh,English,Chinese; Translators: ,Junpeng Zhang

Interactive teaching

Implementation Guide available Gold Star Validated

Reformed Teaching Observation Protocol (RTOP)

Translations: en,ja,zh,English,Japanese,Chinese; Translators: ,Sachiko Tosa,Weining Wu

Implementation Guide available Gold Star Validated

Teaching Dimensions Observation Protocol (TDOP)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Gold Star Validated

Classroom Observation Protocol for Undergraduate STEM (COPUS)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Silver Validated

Real-time Instructor Observing Tool (RIOT)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Implementation Guide available Bronze Validated

Behavioral Engagement Related to Instruction (BERI)

Translations: en,English; Translators:

Student Participation Observation Tool (SPOT)

Translations: ; Translators: